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Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ)

Name of questionnaire Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ)
Type of questionnaire-description Interviewer and self-administered disease-specific health-related quality of life instrument that measures the functional impairments that are most troublesome to adult (17-70 years) patients as a result of their seasonal or perennial rhinoconjunctivitis of either allergic or non-allergic origin
Number of items 28 with a 1-week recall
Number of domains / categories 7 domains (activity limitation
Name of categories/domains   Activities (3 "patient-specific") limitation, sleep problems (3 items), nose symptoms (4 items), eye symptoms (4 items), non-nose/eye symptoms (7 items), practical problems (3 items) and emotional function (4 items)).
Scaling of items 7-point scale (0 = not impaired at all - 6 = severely impaired). 
Scoring available: with permission or free Higher scores reflect lower quality of life.
Test-retest reproducibility Yes, reported intraclass correlation coeficient=0.86
Internal consistency Cronbach's alpha not reported  
Validity Yes, established by moderate to strong relations with changes in nasal and eye symptom diary scores
Minimally important difference Changes in score of greater than 0.5 
Language  English 
Translations in other languages (if yes, then list the languages) 42 translations are available: click here
Developer name Juniper EF, Guyatt GH
Developer contact information Professor Elizabeth Juniper/Mrs. Jilly Styles
20 Marcuse Fields
Bosham, West Sussex
P018 8NA, UK
Telephone +44 (0) 1243 572124
Fax +44 (0) 1243 573680
Availability of questionnaire: needs permission from developer, cost or freely available Yes; contact E. Juniper for permission to use the instrument; for instructions, see click here
References (including original publication) Juniper EF, Guyatt GH. Development and testing of a new measure of health status for clinical trials in rhinoconjunctivitis. Clin Exper Allergy 1991; 21: 77-83.  Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Griffith LE, Ferrie PJ. Interpretation of rhinoconjunctivitis quality of life questionnaire data. J Allergy Clin Immunol 1996; 98: 843-845. 
Limitations -
Link to the questionnaire (if available) click here
Other comments Another questionnaire, Rhinitis Quality of Life Questionnaire has been published (Juniper EF, Guyatt GH, Andersson B, Ferrie PJ. Comparison of powder and aerosolized budesonide in perennial rhinitis: validation of rhinitis quality of life questionnaire. Annals Allergy 1993; 70: 225-230); however, because the majority of rhinits patients have eye symptoms it is recomenced that Rhinoconjunctivitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (RQLQ), which is summarized here, is to be used (click here).
Alternate versions #######
Last Reviewed: June 2016