Sleep Related Questionnaires

Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)

Name of questionnaire Beck Anxiety Inventory (BAI)
Type of questionnaire-description,age Assesses anxiety severity in adults  
Number of items 21 questions
Number of domains / categories 2
Name of categories/domains   Each item is descriptive of subjective somatic or panic-related symptoms of anxiety
Scaling of items Likert scale: "not at all" to "severely"
Scoring available: with permission or free Fee
Scoring Test-retest reliability Yes, test-retest reliability over 1 week, r = .75
Scoring Internal consistency Yes, Cronbach's alpha = .92
Validity Yes, correlated with modified Hamilton Anxiety Rating Scale; good discriminant validity
Language English
Translations in other languages (if yes, then list the languages) Spanish
Developer name AT Beck, MD
Developer contact information
Availability of questionnaire: needs permission from developer, cost or freely available copyrighted, available for purchase from Psychological Corporation, 555 Academic Court, San Antonio, TX 78204-2498, USA.
Limitations BAI may not adequately differentiate between depression and anxiety in a primary care population. Measures anxiety only over the prior 1 week period.
Link to the questionnaire (if available) Click Here to View the Questionaire
Other comments Patient-rated scale. BAI discriminated anxious diagnostic groups (panic disorder, generalized anxiety disorder, etc.) from nonanxious diagnostic groups major depression, dysthymic disorder
References (original publication) Beck, A.T., et al., An Inventory for Measuring Clinical Anxiety: Psychometric Properties. Journal of Consulting & Clinical Psychology, 1988. 56(6): pp. 893–897.
Muntingh AD, van der Feltz-Cornelis CM, van Marwijk HW, Spinhoven P, Penninx BW, van Balkom AJ. Is the Beck Anxiety Inventory a good tool to assess the severity of anxiety? A primary care study in the Netherlands Study of Depression and Anxiety (NESDA).  BMC Fam Pract. 2011 Jul 4;12:66.


Last Reviewed: June 2016