Sleep Related Questionnaires

HomeMembersAssemblies and SectionsAssembliesSleep and Respiratory NeurobiologySleep Related Questionnaires ▶ Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire ( CSHQ)
Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire ( CSHQ)

Name of questionnaire Children's Sleep Habits Questionnaire ( CSHQ)
Type of questionnaire-description,age Parent-reported screening survey designed to assess behaviorial and medically based sleep problems in school children, aged 4-10 years
Number of items 35
Number of domains & categories 8
Name of categories/domains   Bedtime resistance, sleep onset delay, sleep duartion, sleep anxiety, night wakings, parasomnias, sleep disordered breathing, daytime sleepiness
Scaling of items 1-3 point scale
Scoring available: with permission or free Information not available 
Scoring test-retest reliability Yes,  .62 –.79
Scoring Internal consistency For entire CSHQ, Chronbach’s alpha = 0.68 to 0.78
Validity Content validity; ROC=.41, distinguishes between clinical and control groups; sensitivity=.80,specificity=.72
Language English
Translations in other languages (if yes, then list the languages) Chinese, Dutch, Hebrew
Developer name Judith Owens
Developer contact information

Judith A. Owens, MD, MPH, Pediatric Ambulatory Medicine, Rhode Island Hospital, 593 Eddy St., Potter Bldg., Suite 200, Providence, RI 02903. Tel: 401-444-8280; Fax: 401-444-6218;J

Availability of questionnaire: needs permission from developer, cost or freely available Information not available, contact author
Limitations Parent-reported, based on recall over a short time period of one week; may be less relevant in older children
Link to the questionnaire (if available) Not available
Other comments Useful as a screening tool only, not diagnostic. 
Other populations Also tested in a younger age group, 2 to 5.5 years; higher scores in children with ADHD, pervasive developmental disorders , and uvenile arthritis
References (original publication) Owens JA, Spirito A, McGuinn M. Sleep 2000, Dec 15; 23 (8):1043-51
Other references
Honomichl RD, Goodlin-Jones BL, Burnham M, Gaylor E, Anders TF. Sleep patterns of children with pervasive developmental disorders.
J Autism Dev Disord. 2002 Dec;32(6):553-61.
Owens JA, Maxim R, Nobile C, McGuinn M, Msall M. Parental and self-report of sleep in children with attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder. Arch Pediatr Adolesc Med. 2000 Jun;154(6):549-55